Recently, we posted an article on the top reasons why companies miss their revenue targets: Not setting effective revenue targets at all; Low quality of sales pipeline; Insufficient size of sales pipeline; Low closing ratios; and slow conversion of sales to revenue.

In this article, we will explore in some depth the first of the five reasons: Not setting effective revenue targets.

It has been our experience that the degree to which CEO’s are directly involved in setting effective revenue targets and how much effort and time senior management spends on this critical issue make the difference between meeting revenue targets consistently and missing them more often than not. This becomes more apparent as we investigate the process for effectively determining and defining the:

  1. Ideal growth rate for your company over the next 1-2 years
  2. Key Market Segments
  3. Foundational targets for each segment
  4. Operational numbers and metrics
  5. Schedule (Timing) of these Numbers
  6. Right Type and Amount of investment required
  7. Organization-wide commitment necessary

We will discuss each of the above in some detail next.

Determine the Growth Rate to Set Your Effective Revenue Target

We believe that the first mistake many companies make is in what they choose as their benchmark revenue year. Most automatically set their previous year’s revenue as the new benchmark. Others set a rolling average of the past three or five years.

Our recommendation is that a company should always use its highest historical revenue year as the benchmark, regardless of when that occurred or what special circumstances led to that.  Such a policy re-enforces a mindset that if a company was able to achieve something once, not only can it achieve it again, but can also surpass it next time.

With the benchmark set at the highest historical revenue, the next step is to decide the rate of increase over that revenue base to discover your effective revenue target.

For discussion purposes, let’s say that a Company ABC did $50 million in its best year some years back, and the executive team decided to surpass that by 20% this year, or target $60 million in revenues.

Define Key Market Segments

Most companies sell a wide variety of products to a wide range of customer. At the same time, they tend to see these customers as  a single large market.

We can usually tell that a company sells to a number of different market segments when we tend to get ambiguous answers to simple questions. For example, when we  ask, “What is your average selling price?” and the response is, “It depends. It can vary anywhere from $10,000 to $500,000”; or “What is your average sales cycle?” and we hear responses like, ”Well that depends too. It can vary from 3 months to 24 months…” we know the customer base is made of more than one segment.

This typically happens because, initially, the company built a capability aimed at a specific group of customers, but later sees that the same capability can be sold to more customers outside of the original customer group. From the company’s point of view, it is essentially the same capability. However, customers use that capability for different purpose, have different levels of need for it (for some it is mission critical while for others it is back-up, and still others use it for convenience), and even different buyer roles. Hence the wide range of average sales price, sales cycles, and closing ratios.

A firm should to be able to confidently say, “For customer group A, we will target our average deal size to be X, and our average selling cycle to be Y, and our closing ratio to be Z”. Segmentation of its market is the key to such precision.

SOMAmetrics helps companies analyze their data and arrive at clear segmentation of their market.

Determine the Foundational Targets for Each Segment

The next task is to set the foundational targets for each market segment. Below is a sample list of foundational assumptions:

 Segment A B C Total
 Targeted Revenue ($) 30,000,000 22,000,000 8,000,000 60,000,000
 Avg. Selling Price ($) 100,000 50,000 10,000 53,333.33
 Avg. Sales Cycle (months) 9 6 4 6.33
 Avg. Closing Ratio25%20%30%25%
 Sales needed 300 440 800 1,540
 Sales Qualified Leads needed 1,200 2,200 2,667 6,067

From the above chart, the company knows it will need 1,200 sales opportunities or Sales Qualified Leads (SQLs) for Segment A in order to reach its $30million effective revenue target based on a $100K average sales price and 25% closing ratio.

The question here is where will these 1,200 new SQL’s come from.

Determine Operational Numbers

For most b2b companies, revenue has long lead-time measured in months if not years. The longer the sales cycle time, the more a company must frequently track and know its operational numbers so it can make adjustments early enough to make any difference.

Revenue is the final output that results from the interactivity of number of chained input factors. Before revenues happen, many other output factors must happen—each with its own interacting chain of events.

The tough part is usually getting the right quantity and type of the input factors at the right time at each link of the chain. For example, if the company doesn’t get the right amount of SQL’s, it will not make enough sales to reach its effective revenue target. SOMAmetrics uses the Four Funnels Framework to manage these operational numbers.

Traditionally, companies try to reach their SQL numbers with the combination of leads sent from Marketing, and sales reps doing their own phone prospecting. The hope is that somehow, from these two activities, the sales reps would generate their own Sales Qualified Leads to stoke their sales pipelines.

Both of these approaches tend to have shortcomings. Marketing should and will generate leads. However, there is very little to indicate whether these leads are hot, warm, or cold. It now becomes the sales reps responsibility to first determine that before proceeding.

At the same time, most sales people we know hate making cold calls and avoid doing so. They are even reluctant to call on leads provided by Marketing because many of these are rather cold.

Contrast that with a professional Teleprospector who actually loves making 60-90 dials a day, sees it as a challenge to break into an account, find the decision maker, engage her in a two-minute conversation to get her attention and interest, schedule a call with the sales rep, and then moves on to the next call.

Now, this is very different. This is a warm or even hot lead and the sales rep will jump on it, preferably within the next 48 hours.

The ideal best practices would be for Marketing to send warm leads to the professional Teleprospector whose main job now is to qualify these warm leads and makes sure it is a Sales Qualified Lead before passing on to the sales rep. Now, sales reps have a steady, well-stocked pipeline of qualified prospects on which to call at any given time.

Assuming that only 10% of the leads that Marketing provide turn out to be Sales Qualified Leads (SQL’s) ready to be passed on to sales reps, then the company must generate five (5) Marketing qualified Leads for each SQL.

The completed operational numbers look like this:

 Segment A B C Total
 Targeted Revenue ($) 30,000,000 22,000,000 8,000,000 60,000,000
 Avg. Selling Price ($) 100,000 50,000 10,000 53,333.33
 Avg. Sales Cycle (months) 9 6 4 6.33
 Avg. Closing Ratio25%20%30%25%
 Sales needed 300 440 800 1,540
 Sales Qualified Leads needed 1,200 2,200 2,667 6,067
 Marketing Qualified Leads needed 12,000 22,000 26,667 60,667
 Marketnig Impressions needed 600,000 1,100,000 1,333,333 3,033,333


Are you setting effective revenue targets? Download this checklist to find out

Determine the Scheduling of Operational Numbers

Now that we have determined the Operational numbers the next step is to make sure the right amount of the right type of numbers are available at the right time. This is about scheduling or timing, and probably where many companies lose control over their revenue targets.

Marketing has its own lead-time. Prospective customers will likely need to see quite a bit of a company’s message before they start doing anything about it.  Teleprospectors typically have to make several calls into a company before they reach a decision maker. These two cycles together can take up anywhere from six to twelve weeks before a Sales Qualified Lead emerges from a given campaign.

Also, personal selling is a labor-intensive process. It takes a certain time out of each day for a sales rep to make a sales call on a prospect, send out a summary letter and next step statement, arrange for demos and other proofs, prepare proposals, and take care of any other steps necessary to turn a prospect into a customer. Also, depending on the closing ratio, this must be done with many prospects in order to produce one customer.

What typically happens is that activities tend to be done in bunches rather than steady streams. Marketing spends months preparing for a large campaign, launches it, collects a ton of leads, and then sends to the reps. However, the reps can only call on so many leads at any given time. The rest get cold and hard to work with.

Scheduling the Operational numbers means that marketing campaigns go out on a regular schedule feeding Marketing Qualified Leads to the Teleprospecting team, which feeds Sales Qualified Leads to the sales team on a regular basis.

The SOMAmetrics Four Funnels Framework is designed to ensure proper operational scheduling.

Determine The Right Amount and Type of Investment Required to Reach Effective Revenue Targets

As many executives know, revenue is not free. It is typically purchased—either through acquisitions, hiring of more sales reps, increased marketing presence, or some combinations of these. To earn more revenue, a company will likely need to spend more.

But more importantly, it needs to make the right spending decisions.

One thing we come across often is that companies believe that if they hire more sales reps, then they will build more revenue. They justify this saying that they need the “presence” and that hired sales reps will also be required to prospect their own leads.

We question this line of reasoning. Our experiences tell us that most sales reps do not like to prospect and will likely not be productive unless they have a full pipeline of well-qualified leads to work on. The company has just added to its fixed cost without really looking at the return on that investment.

We believe that there is significantly better return on investment when a company reallocates its budget to Teleprospecting activities, thereby significantly increasing the productivity of its smaller sales team.

In the example below, the first column shows the cost of a single sales rep assigned to the fictional Segment A we looked at above. The rep has a base salary of $60k/year, which comes to $72k/year when fully burdened. The rep sells $900K of goods per year and earns $90K in commissions. This brings his total selling cost to $162K/year, and the net contribution to the company is now $738K for the year.

Lets assume that there are five sales reps assigned to Segment A and their totals are shown in the second column.

 Sales Rep (Quantity) 1 5
 Base Salary ($) 60,000 300,000
 Total Cost ($) 72,000 360,000
 Avg. Sales/year ($) 900,000 4,500,000
 Commission paid ($) 90,000 450,000
 Total direct sales cost ($) 162,000 810,000
 Total contribution ($) 738,000 3,690,000

Next, let’s explore a different sales strategy.

Let’s say we want to determine what would happen if the company let go one of the reps and instead utilized the services of a professional Teleprospector. At this point, the company released $162K per year it would have paid to the fifth sales rep, but also lost the $900K it would have received from that rep, or net negative of $738K that year it would need to get somehow to come to par.

 Teleprospector Fee ($) 96,000
 SQL/s per month 8
 SQL’s per year 96
 Avg. Pipeline ($) 9,600,000
 Deals 24
 Revenue ($) 2,400,000
 Commissions to sales reps 240,000
 Total contribution ($) 2,064,000

The new numbers are dramatically different. We paid the Teleprospector $96K and obtained about 8 Sales Qualified Leads each month, or 96 for the year, resulting in a sales pipeline of $9.6 million. Recalling that the closing ratio for Segment A was 25%, this pipeline converted into $2.4 million in sales.

The company was able to realize 267% increase in revenues by better utilizing the remaining four sales reps, since they were adequately fed quality pipeline by the single Teleprospector.

The company spent an extra $24K and increased its revenue by an additional $1.5 million ($2.4million-$900k). That is a 6300% return on that extra $24k—a smart investment.

While there is a point of diminishing return here as in all things, this example illustrates how companies can significantly increase revenue by shifting their costs to where they can get better return on the same dollars spent.

Make the Commitment to Reach Your Effective Revenue Targets

The analysis has been done, and the plan has been written and re-written.

What is left is the commitment to make the hard decisions, choices, and changes necessary to execute the plan and reach your effective revenue targets. It is always hard to make changes. People are affected by change, and many people have been with the company for a long time.


None of the steps outlined are easy or quick and dirty. They will likely take weeks of planning, sharing notes and ideas, and careful preparation to ensure that the management team has fully thought through the steps and stands confidently behind the numbers. And, in the end, act decisively and boldly.